Joined: 20 Oct 2006
|Posted: Sun Oct 29, 2006 1:28 pm Post subject: Mobile Phone Glossary
|2G - Second generation of mobile wireless that utilizes various digital protocols including GSM, CDMA, iDEN, TDMA and PDC.
2.5G - Next step up from 2G building up to 3G involving the overlay of higher capacity data transmission capability to existing 2G digital wireless networks.
3G - The third generation of mobile networks, with video calling, web browsing and multimedia downloads of up to seven times faster than standard 2G networks.
Airtime - The duration of a successful call that ends with the call termination.
Access NetFront™ Web Browser - A browser for viewing content created for HTML 4.01, xHTML 1.0, CSS and Java script (ECMA script), WAP 2.0. Security protocols are SSL/TLS
Backlit - The technique of providing a bright background to a display usually an LCD.
Base Station - Base stations receive and transmit signals from mobile phones.
Bluejacking - When somebody with a mobilephone uses Bluetooth to identify someone else bluetooth enabled phone in their vicinity and then sends them an anonymous message or in extreme cases its possible to dial a phone number on the persons phone leaving the persons phone connectted to the number untill the owner notices it. It is called bluejacking as the mobile is being temporarily hijacked via Bluetooth technology. Simplest way of not getting bluejacked is to turn bluetooth on only when yo need it.
Bluetooth – Wireless data communication specification for compatible devices such as mobile phones, PDA or laptops. It has a range of 10m.and unlike infrared, devices do not require to be lined up to communicate.
Bluetooth Stereo (A2DP) - Support for the A2DP Bluetooth™ Profile, allows you to transmit high quality stereo music from phone to headset and other devices.
Call Barring - Allows you to set your phone to prohibit certain incoming or outgoing phone calls.
Call Divert - Allows the user to redirect a call to either another phone number or to voice mail.
Caller Display - Display of the incoming callers number on a mobilephone screen.
Call Holding - Allows the user to put a call on hold and answer another call.
Colour Screen - The display standard of a mobile phone that is often specified as the colour depth of a screen. i.e 256k colour display.
Coverage – The strength of radio signals that your network provides + the area it covers Check UK Coverage 3 O2 Orange T-Mobile Vodafone
Data Portability - Imagine data ports as tiny holes in your phone which enables you to exchange data with another compatible device, i.e another mobile phone, or your PC.
DCS1800 - A term for GSM1800 referring to a digital mobile phone system using the 1800MHz frequency band.
Dual-band - Phones that can switch between two different bands of frequencies GSM1800 and GSM900 allowing you to use your phone in Europe and some other countries. Most phones in the UK are at least dual-band.
Dual Mode - A phone that can operate on two standards such as GSM and DECT
ETSI - European Telecommunications Standards Institute - The organization which formulates GSM and DECT standards.
EMS - Enhanced Messaging Service. Enables your phone to send and receive a combination of text, pictures, sounds, animations and ringtones.
Fascias – Interchangeable covers for mobile phones.
Flash Memory - A small card used for memory that can retain information without power.
Games - Many mobile phones come pre-loaded games. Java compatible mobile phones are capable of downloading additional games.
Gbps – Gigabits per second. A measure of data transfer (1 Gbps = 1,000,000,000 bits per seconds)
Giga - Term used in science and technology to mean one thousand million.
GPRS – General Packet Radio Service. A mobile with GPRS capacity offers an ‘always on’ connection at faster rates, sending & receiving Internet-based content and packet-based data services. It has a maximum of 171 Kbps speed but its usually around the 32 - 48 kbps mark which is still faster compared to a GSM connection that runs up to 9.6 kbps.
GPS - Global Positioning System - A clever bit o kit GPS is a global satellite-based system for determining precise location. Some smartphones are now being sold with GPS enabled. The only bad thing about GPS is it can be switched off by George Bush whenever he feels like it.
GSM 900 - GSM 900 digital network is the world's most widely now operating in over 100 countries around the world, particularly in Europe and Asia Pacific.
GSM 1800 - Aka DCS 1800 or PCN, GSM 1800 digital network working on a frequency of 1800 MHz. Used in Europe, Asia-Pacific and Australia.
GSM 1900 - Aka PCS 1900, GSM 1900 digital network working on a frequency of 1900 MHz. It is used in the US and Canada and is scheduled for parts of Latin America and Africa.
GSM – Global System for Mobile Communications. 2nd generation network delivering high quality and secure mobile voice and data service with full roaming capabilities throughout Europe, and elsewhere around the world. GSM Data connection rate of up to 9.6 Kbps.
Hands-Free - Important safety feature thats included with most of today's mobile phones. Allows drivers to use their phone without lifting or holding the hand-set to their ear. Its illegal to drive in the UK whilst on the phone and yet you still get muppets doing it
HSCSD – High Speed Circuit Switched Data - Allows mobile users to access data services at data rates of up to 28.8 Kbps or around four times faster than GSM’s standard data rates. At the time of this press, HSCSD only works on Orange network.
HTML – Hypertext Markup Language. Most Smartphones like the Orange M600, o2 XDA offer HTML web browser capacity usually by pocket IE.
IMEI International Mobile Equipment Identifier - A 15 digit number that identifies an individual phone to the network, so if you lose your phone they can use it to turn the phone off.
Infrared port - Wireless data transfer between two compatible mobile devices via infrared or IrDa port. Corr its magic
Instant Messaging – Send and receive messages with friends who are online.
IVR – Interactive voice response.
J2ME - A technology to implement java support for various devices such as mobile phones and PDA/smartphones.
Java - Allows you to download games, applications, ring tones and logos from web sites and use them on your java enabled phone.
Kbps – Kilobits per Second - A measure of data transfer (1 Kbps = 1,000 bits per second).
Lithium-Ion Battery (Li-Ion) - A Light weight battery than the earlier bricks having a longer cycle life and are not so prone to suffering from memory effect.
Mbps – Megabits per Seconds - A measure of data transfer (1 Mbps = 1,000,000 bits per second)
Memory Effect - The life of a battery may gradually be shortened if it gets recharged before it is completely discharged (flat).
MicroSD (TransFlash) - A type of removable flash memory card designed specifically for mobilephones.
MiniSD - A type of removable flash memory card.
M-commerce – Mobile Commerce like e-commerce. M-commerce enables you to buy goods/service via your mobile phone. WAP 1.2.1 and upward versions are m-commerce compatible.
MMC - Multi-Media Card - A type of removable flash memory card.
MMS - Multimedia Messaging Service. Allows you to send and receive a combination of text, images, sound and video. More advanced feature than SMS and EMS.
Mobile Java™ - This technology allows you to download games, applications, ringtones and logo from web sites. – See Java.
MVNO Mobile Virtual Network Operator - A company that have their own brand, marketing, shops etc, but use another operators network like Virgin, easyMobile, BT Mobile, Tesco Mobile.
MP3 - Digital music files that can now days be stored and played on mobiles with an MP3 player.
MNP - Mobile Number Portability - A means of taking you old number to your new network read about it here
Off-Peak - Periods of time during which networks offer discounted airtime charges. Each network makes its own off-peak hours usually after normal business hours during the week and at weekends.
PAC - Porting Authorisation Code - A PAC Number gives your authority to request a transfer of your old number to your new network Read more here
PDA – Personal Digital Assistant is a handheld device that works like a mini personal computer. Some of the modern PDAs contain features that you'll find on a mobile phone.
PIM – Personal Information Management.
Picture Messaging – See MMS. Although EMS is picture messaging, MMS offers more features.
Pre pay/Pay as you go/payg - Service plans with no contract and no line rental. Each network has its own pre pay service.
PUK - Your Personal Unblocking Key is an eight-digit number used to unblock your phone if you enter your PIN number incorrectly three times.
Quadband - Allows you to roam to most parts of the planet and make calls etc. Covering 850Mhz, 900MHz, 1800MHz and 1900MHz frequency ranges.
Ring tones - Most modern mobile phones contain complex ring tones such as polyphonic, where several sounds are heard instead of a single ring. Many phones are capable of downloading new ring tones.
Roaming - Taking your mobile phone abroad making calls etc.
SAR – Specific Absorption Rate. A unit for measuring the level of exposure to radio frequency energy from mobilephones, measured in watts per kilograms (W/kg).
Series 60 also known as S60 - see Symbian
Service Provider – The company that owns your mobile phone’s signature on a contract its the one that bills you for your calls.
Service Plan - A contract selected by subscribers when they purchase a pay monthly mobile phone, usually consists of a base rate for network access and a per minute rate for any calls or messages made.
SIM - Subscriber Identity Module - small smart card used in digital phones which contains the user’s identity for accessing the network and receiving calls, store's personal information, such as a phone directory and received SMS messages.
Smartphone - any mobile phone running an operating system such as Symbian, Windows Mobile, Linux,Palm OS. A key feature of a smartphone is that additional applications can be installed on to it.
SMS - Short Message Service - Allows you to send text message that contain up to 160 characters per message.
Symbian OS - Symbian’s advanced open standard operating system for data enabled mobile phones. Symbian is made up of a group of companies Nokia, Sony Ericsson, Motorola, and Psion.
SVGA - Super Video Graphics Array - SVGA size 800 pixels x 600 pixels.
T9 – Text on 9 keys - one of predictive text input’s algorithms. Makes typing txts simpler.
TransFlash See MicroSD
Tri-band - Same as Quad band but only uses three frequency bands, GSM900, GSM1800 and GSM1900. See also dual-band
UIQ - User Interface Quartz - developed by UIQ Technology. UIQ is a software platform based upon Symbian OS. A graphical user interface layer that provides additional components to the core OS, which enables the development of feature rich mobilephones that are open to expanded capabilities through third-party applications.
UIQ 3 - The latest version of the platform aswell as the pen-based UI which enables you to use the Touchscreen it also supports one handed operation and a number of other enhancements.
UMTS – Universal mobile telecommunication service also known as third-generation (3G). UTMS allows you to transmit text, digitized voice, video and multimedia at data rate of up to 2 Mbps. It uses W-CDMA as the underlying standard, is standardized by the 3GPP, and is the European/Japanese answer to the ITU IMT-2000 requirements for 3G Cellular radio systems. UMTS is sometimes marketed as 3GSM
Virtual Wallet – Allows you to Store credit card details on your mobile phone for m-commerce use.
Voice dial - Allows you to call someone in your phonebook by saying his or her name.
Voicemail – A mobile phones answerphone system.
WML - Wireless Markup Language - used to produce WAP content. Making optimum use of the limited size of the displays on handheld devices.
WAP - Wireless Application Protocol. An agreed standard which enables compatible mobile phones to access Internet-type services using cut-down text-based sites. The Latest version of WAP is WAP2.
WAP push - WAP push allows SMS messages to be received and sent with direct WAP links embedded. It is ideal for subscribing to information services such as entertainment, news & sport, so you receive the message which contains a link to a WAP page and the you could launch the link to browse for more information if you wish.
Feel free to add to it or correct us if were wrong